Basic chord trick | Inversions + voice leading

What I just played was an exercise I wrote
that will teach you one of the most important things to know
when playing chords. It unlocks the way we see chords on the fretboard with a very simple trick that will change your playing. These shapes float wonderfully from one to the other and seeing the possibilities on the neck of the guitar
is just amazing. This combines a voice leading and inversions whilst learning the most common triad chord shapes all over the neck. And as we have learned in my 'Understanding Chords' video 3 of the music theory series I'm doing all major, minor, sus2 and sus4 chords
are just made up of three unique notes. Well, we often learn to start on the root note of the chord. That's really not necessary. We can start our chord on any of those three notes
and this exercise happens on just the D… … the G and the B strings. We use these strings
because all three shapes lie beautifully on these strings. The shapes are elegant and easy to play and that's something we're always looking for when playing guitar. We've got three shapes to grab a major chord
on these three strings. Let me explain it with the G-chord.
The first one we call the root position. Like this: fret 5, 4 and 3 on the D, G and B string. We called this one the root position,
because the lowest note of the chord is the root: G. G, B, D. 1… … or the root, the 3rd and the 5th. Oh, by the way, all the tabs and backing tracks
are available at my Patreon page. The next shape we can use starts on fret 9
on the D string. 9, 7, 8. This is also a G-chord but now we start on the 3rd.
This is called the first inversion. And the third shape we're going to use for this exercise
is played over here: fret 12, 12 and 12. This one is called the second inversion,
because we start on the fifth: fifth, root and third. So now we've got three ways to play a simple G major chord and the great thing about this exercise we're gonna use sus2 and sus4 as well.
We're playing C… A minor D minor G 1, 6, 2, 5 cadence in the key of C but every time we loop the progression we're playing the chords as different voicings
going one position higher up the neck. And we're going to use a technique called voice leading,
to decide which shape we're going to play next. What the voice leading basically means is
that we want to stay in the same region of notes when playing the next chord. The distance of the individual notes of the chords
are moved as little as possible. So instead of playing C… and G… where every single note is moved a fourth down,
we play C and G. Same chords, but it sounds vastly different. So on the piano this is common practice
and learned from day one. But on guitar it's a little different. We often end up learning block chords first Thinking of chords as fixed shapes, but when you've got the freedom to ditch those fixed shapes and see the possibilities of all the chords
lying on the neck… … that's truly a wonderful moment. So let's go through this exercise. We play C, A minor, D minor, G,
but all the chords go through this pattern. One beat sus2, two beats major or minor, depending on the chord, and one beat sus4, and then we move to the next chord. So this is awesome. We start all the way at the bottom, where we play the first chord. The C. So on the D, G and B string
the first C shape we encounter is this one. The first inversion. So now we start at sus2. We can easily make this chord sus2 by just removing our middle finger from the D string because that's the third
and the third needs to be a second. So this is the first chord we play. Then we go to the C Twice And then to C sus4, moving the fret one higher, to 3. So the first bar in total sounds like this. And we played C sus2, C major and C sus4. The next chord we played in the progression
was A minor and we want to stay as close as possible to this shape and preferably have overlapping notes. But we don't start with A minor: we start with A sus 2, which is this shape. And then to A minor twice and then to A sus4. So the first two bars Pretty cool. The next chord: A minor, D minor. So let's first establish where the D minor chord can be found. So D minor over here. First inversion, starting on the minor third F A D I love this voicing. A really sinister sound. Cool, so… but now we want to make it a sus2 at first so we dropped the minor third one semitone lower to fret 2 So 2, 2 and 3. And now we move the fret 2 one side tone up to fret 3. Twice D minor and then to D sus 4 and this is a cool shape. We're gonna move the D string all the way to fret 5. 5, 2 and 3 D sus4 So what's cool about this is the fact that a bunch of these shapes are the same for different chords. For instance the A sus4
contains the same set of notes as the D sus2 and the D sus4 has the same set of notes as a G sus2. And we use this to very subtly walk our way up the neck. So cool. So this is a D sus4 chord. 5, 2 and 3 But… …when I play a root note G… …it is G sus2. Very cool. So the G sus2 is the first beat Then we move it up to G major 5, 4, 3 So this is just the root position of G. And then G sus4, 5, 5, 3. Very awesome. And now wonderful thing we're going back to C. And we start on C sus2 and behold. This is the C sus2. So it's G sus4 and C sus2. 5, 5, 3 One time and on two times C. 5, 5 and 5. To C sus4. 5, 5, 6. So let me play this in total slowly for you guys So this is where we ended: C sus4. 5, 5, 6. And now we change to A minor sus2. well A minor But then we start at sus2. 7, 4, 5. So 7, 4, 5, one time, 7, 5, 5 –
root position of A minor by the way Twice and then to A sus4, 7, 7, 5. Now we move to D sus2 – and again, the D sus2,
of course, is the same as A sus4 again. So this is the second inversion of D minor. So D minor second inversion starting
on the fret 7 on the D string. 7, 7, 5 sus2 One time and then two times D minor 7, 7, 6. And to sus4, 7, 7, 8. So this exercise also teaches you
where the third of the chords lie, which note you have to change
to make it a sus2 or a sus4 voicing. So it's so awesome to play this stuff and it really gets you thinking fast. D sus4 changing to after the D was the G, so Gsus2 –
same as D sus4, 7, 7, 8. To G major, 9, 7, 8 and then the pinky plays the 4, 10, 7, 8. So, F, D, G. G sus4 And then we are back at C. Starting at C sus2, which is the same as G sus4. Awesome. 10, 7, 8. Two, eh, one time moving to C major 10, 9, 8 root position twice and our pinky goes to C sus4,
10, 10, 8 Moving on to A minor sus2 at first so this is the first inversion of A minor 9, 9, 10 Starting on A sus2, of course.
9, 9, 10. 10, 9, 10 twice 12, 9, 10 So, let me start it from here from the C, C sus2 To A minor D G To C To A minor To D minor. Here we are now. D sus2 of course, so… 12, 9, 10 to D minor twice D sus4 So it's 10, 9, 10 10, 10, 10 10, 12, 10 And then resolving to G G sus2 – same as this one – 12, 12, 10 G major 12, 12, 12 G sus4 12, 12, 13 and then we go to C. And this one is the first shape
as all the way at the bottom So, let me play it slowly one more time in total,
so you can clearly see my fingering. So if you learn this exercise and really think of the shapes instead of just remembering the positions, that will make a huge difference in your playing. I hope you enjoyed this lesson.
Tabs are available at my Patreon page. If you want to support me you can do so over there. And also please like share and or comment
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